Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly.
Crooked teeth and teeth that do not fit together correctly are harder to keep clean, those teeth are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and periodontal disease, and also cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches, TMJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain. Teeth that are crooked or not in the right place can also get effected from one’s appearance.
The benefits of orthodontic treatment include a healthier mouth, a more pleasing appearance, and teeth that are more likely to last a lifetime.
How do I Know if I Need Orthodontics?
Only your dentist or orthodontist can determine whether you can benefit from orthodontics. Based on diagnostic tools that include a full medical and dental health history, a clinical exam, plaster models of your teeth, and special X-rays and photographs, an orthodontist or dentist can decide whether orthodontics are recommended, and develop a treatment plan that’s right for you.
If you have any of the following, you may be a candidate for orthodontic treatment:
How Are Orthodontics Treatments Performed?
Many different types of appliances, both fixed and removable, are used to help move teeth, retrain muscles and affect the growth of the jaws. These appliances work by placing gentle pressure on the teeth and jaws. The severity of your problem will determine which orthodontic approach is likely to be the most effective.
Treatment to move the teeth and affect the growth of the jaw or muscles can be mobile or fixed. Orthodontic treatments are done by applying light forces to the jaw or teeth. According to the patient’s problem, the specific treatment method is determined.
–The patient is examined before orthodontic treatment.
–The patient’s teeth are x-rayed.
–Photograph and tooth mold are taken.
–The patient-specific treatment plan is going to be developed and the treatment phase will get started.
–Fixed applications are as follows.
The most common method in orthodontic treatments is braces installation. Attaching the braces is applied using braces, tires and wires. The braces are glued to the teeth. The wires are passed through the braces and forcing it’s applies to the teeth. In this way, the teeth are moved gradually and are positioned more smoothly.
It is an alternative to braces treatment for adults. Wires and braces are not included in this treatment. Aligners are usually transparent. They are removed for brushing teeth and eating food.
A tool that pushes the teeth back, prevents the cheek and lip from entering between the teeth. In some people, cheek and lip muscles can exert force on the teeth. In this treatment method, this force is cut off.
In this treatment, development of the upper jaw is slowed down. The front teeth are pushed backwards while the rear teeth are held where they are.
This treatment is applied to pass the finger sucking habit. The appliances here are attached to the tooth with the help of tapes. This method of treatment causes discomfort during eating. Therefore, it is recommended to consider it as the last option.
It is preferred in cases where milk teeth are lost early. In this method of treatment, plastic or wires fill the gap between the teeth.
It functions the same as moving placeholders. If the milk teeth are lost prematurely, the other teeth are prevented from slipping into the cavity until permanent teeth are removed.
It is the appliance used to prevent the teeth from regaining and maintain their position after treatment.
A tool that allows the upper jaw to expand. In this treatment, the bone under the palate is opened by moving.
It is more difficult to maintain oral hygiene with crooked teeth. For this reason, bruises and various gum diseases occur more easily in people with crooked teeth. Chewing can not be done completely when the joint relationship is broken and crooked teeth. This causes problems from the digestive system. When the upper and lower teeth are not fully compatible with each other, more strain can be placed on one tooth or jaw joint. This can lead to painful and treatment-requiring problems. Orthodontics can be preferred not only for health but also for aesthetic appearance. Especially in many cases, incredible changes occur after treatment.
At the beginning of orthodontics treatment, you may experience discomfort in the mouth due to the braces. Mild pain may appear on the teeth. Slight pains may occur when changing the wires. For this, painkillers to be given by the doctor will be sufficient. But after getting used to the braces, this discomfort will disappear.
Orthodontics treatment time varies from person to person. The average duration of treatment is between 18 and 24 months. Some treatments are not uncommon but may take longer. Aborting the treatment or removing the braces prematurely results in an inadequate result. This increases the likelihood of relapse (returning teeth to its original position).
When the treatment ends without interruption, a certain time must pass before the dentist can get used to their new positions. During this time, the reinforcement appliance must be installed.
In the treatment, the braces is glued to the tooth. Therefore extra time should be spent on cleaning the braces and its surroundings. Along with a toothbrush you normally use, the brushes that are used specifically for the braces are the brushes that you should use during the treatment.
It is recommended to use fluoride toothpaste during brushing. This is very important for protecting your teeth from decay. In order to provide full oral hygiene, it is recommended to stay away from acidic and sugary foods and follow a healthy diet. In addition, it is necessary to visit the dentist regularly for professional dental check up and dental plaque cleaning.
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