Advanced gum disease, called periodontitis, affects many people all around the world. As common as the condition is, tooth loss is often the unfortunate outcome when left untreated.
But today, with so many successful treatment options available for advanced periodontal disease, losing teeth doesn’t have to be your next step with an unhealthy gumline.
Gingivitis to Periodontitis
Gum disease is a sneaky, progressive disease, and here’s why: The first stage, called gingivitis, occurs when bacterial plaque is not thoroughly removed from your teeth. Red, swollen and bleeding gums are the telltale signs of this infection. However, this condition is easily reversible with daily brushing and flossing – and a professional cleaning at the dentist’s office.
When left untreated, however, gingivitis can progress into a more serious condition called periodontitis. Toxins from this buildup of bacterial plaque not only affect your gum tissue, but also the bone and ligaments that support your teeth. As the infection causes disease to the bone and supporting tissues, your teeth may eventually fall and need to be treated surgically or removed.
Your first step in treating periodontitis is a conservative, nonsurgical treatment called scaling and root planing (SRP). A dentist or dental hygienist provides this treatment by scraping and removing the plaque and tartar off of your teeth and root surfaces by scaling, and then smoothing away any roughness on the roots to prevent bacteria from gathering again.
After this process, the gums will heal and reattach themselves to the healthy, clean surfaces of the teeth. Within a few weeks, your dentist will evaluate your healing and decide if further treatment is necessary.
Anyone who has had treatment for advanced periodontal disease knows that meticulous homecare is the key to keeping periodontal disease from rearing its ugly head again. Because personal oral care is a big part of any periodontal treatment plan, your dentist or dental hygienist will spend lots of time with you making sure you understand and implement proper brushing and flossing techniques at home. In addition to not smoking, which inhibits the healing process, your dentist will also recommend keeping a close eye on your periodontal health with more frequent checkups and cleaning appointments. When dealing with periodontal disease, “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases that affect the tissues that support the teeth and gums. Approximately 70% of tooth loss occurs in adults due to periodontal diseases. When these diseases are diagnosed early, they can be successfully treated.
When gum diseases are treated, natural teeth are protected, a better digestive system is provided and chewing is easier.
Periodontal diseases begin with gingivitis. The gums appear red, bloody and swollen. Gingivitis does not cause any serious discomfort in the early period. But if left untreated, the disease proceeds to periodintitis. This can cause irreversible damage to the alveolar bone that supports the teeth and gums.
Periodontitis is an advanced stage of periodontal diseases. At this stage, the tissues supporting the teeth and the alveolar bone are damaged. The presence of a “periodontal pocket” between the gum and the tooth causes infection and accelerates the progression of the disease. As the disease progresses, the teeth begin to sway. Teeth may have to be pulled out at the end of the disease.
What is the Importance of Periodontology?
Periodantal disorders or inflammation in the tissues that support the teeth can cause loss of teeth with the progression of the disease. The main treatment in dentistry is periodontal treatment. Complaints such as bleeding gums, displacement of teeth over time, shaking of teeth, changing gums color or gum recession are the disorders in the periodontology field. Patients with these conditions should be treated by a specialist periodontologist.
As a result of the studies, it has been determined that passing the periodontologist examination before making the prosthesis prolongs the life of the prosthesis.
What are the Causes of Gum Diseases?
The most important cause of gum disease is the colorless and sticky layer on the teeth called dental plaque. This layer should be removed with daily brushing and flossing. If the plaques are not effectively cleaned, they turn into a structure known as tartar. Plaques cause damage to the teeth and the fibers that connect the tooth to the gum are damaged. Thus, periodontal pocket is formed. This makes it easier for bacteria to reach the deeper tissues. As the disease progresses, the bacteria go deeper. Bacterial progression to the bone causes great damage to the alveolar bone that supports the teeth. If the disease is not treated, the teeth begin to sway and the tooth may need to be removed.
What is the Gum Diseases Treatment?
Early treatment of gum disease involves cleaning the plaque and tooth stones in the teeth and ensuring the smooth root surface. With this process, bacteria that cause infection in the gums are removed. If paying attention to the patient’s oral hygiene after the treatment, it is prevented to see a gingival discomfort again.
In more advanced cases, surgical treatment may be required. This treatment is to clean the dental stones in the deep periodontal pockets surrounding the teeth, to form an easily cleanable gingiva form, to provide a smooth root surface and the elimination of the pocket.
It is very important that the patient pays attention to daily oral care so that the disease does not reoccur after periodontal treatment.
How is Periodontological Treatment Done?
- In the first examination, the patient’s gum disease and the degree of this disease are going to be determined. The patient is informed in detail on this subject.
- All oral records of the patient are going to be taken before the treatment.
- Teeth will be cleaned.
- The fillings of the taxa in the mouth will be corrected.
- Bacteria on the tooth stones and tooth roots are going to be removed.
- The root surface will be flattened.
- Oral hygiene control will be done. (After these procedures are performed, the periodontologist checks whether the patient is paying attention to his/her own mouth cleaning.)
- If the patient’s gum disease is advanced, advanced periodontal treatment, surgical approach and gingival curing procedures are performed.
- At the end of the treatment, whether the gums and tissues are healthy needed to be checked periodically.
Things to Consider After Periodontal Surgery
- You should not eat or drink anything for 2 hours after the surgical procedure.
- Smoking should not be made in the first days after the operation.
- Hot drinks and food should be avoided in the first 24 hours after the operation.
- Warm and soft food should be consumed.
- Acidic and alcoholic beverages should be avoided.
- It should be lubricated in the regions where chewing is done while eating.
- Unoperated areas can be brushed normally. The chewing surfaces of the teeth in the operated area should be brushed.
- Leakage may occur in the treated areas in the first hours after the operation. This gives the saliva red color. In this case, you should not worry. If the leak persists for a long time, you can contact your healthcare provider.
Esthetic Hair Turkey successfully carries out periondontology treatment. Contact us to ask what they are wondering about periondontology and to learn about periondontology prices.